Write a Paragraph on ‘Water scarcity’
Water scarcity is one of the greatest problems on the earth in recent times. Water scarcity means the non-availability of water to meet the basic needs of the people in a particular region. In India, the biggest cities like – Chennai and Mumbai are facing an acute crisis of water. Water which is an important natural resource sustains our life and helps us in various ways. But at present, for lack of water, the existence of human beings is on the way to extinction. In future, a time can come when the most valuable commodity in the world will be ‘water’. Normal life is being hampered by the crisis of water. Although the environmentalists have presented that climatic change and lack of rainfall are the major factors behind water scarcity, the excessive use of groundwater, the mismanagement of drinking water and rapid unplanned urbanization after destroying water sources like – ponds, ditch, and lakes are responsible for water scarcity. Besides, due to the population explosion, the demand for pure drinking water has reached to its zenith. Some privileged person is using excessive underground water for commercial purposes. As a result, the underground water is running dry day by day. To prevent water scarcity and ensure a continuous supply of drinking water, the lake, river or pond water must be purified and made fit for drinking. We must lessen our dependence on groundwater tables for agriculture and domestic work. The rainwater must be reserved for domestic use. All sorts of illegal filling of the water sources must be stopped. We should undertake rapid afforestation to prevent climate change. Above all, proper awareness about the conservation of water should be created among the common people.