Parts of Speech || 8 Different Types of Parts of Speech || Grammar

Parts of Speech

When some words present a clear and complete meaning, they are called a sentence. Every word has an important part in a sentence. Each word in a sentence is called part of speech. By learning the parts of speech we can use the words correctly to form a sentence.

Different Types of Parts of Speech

We can divide the parts of speech in a sentence into eight different classes according to their functions and characteristics.

1. Noun

The noun is a word that describes the name of a person, an animal, a place or a thing. A noun is a naming word.


Sayani had seen a snake.
Many monuments are found in India.
Mother Teresa is not alive today.
Taj Mahal was made by Shahjahan.
Ramchandra Guha is a famous historian.

The underlined words in the sentence are called nouns.

2. Pronoun

A pronoun is used in the place of a noun to avoid the use of the noun repeatedly in a sentence.


Shovan is a student. He is intelligent.

In the first sentence ‘Shoven’ is a noun. In the second sentence ‘He’ is the pronoun that is used to indicate Shovan.

Similarly, More examples:

Nandita is my sister. She is eight years old.
Payal and Koel are friends. They read in the same class.

3. Adjectives

We use an adjective to describe a noun or pronoun. An adjective is a describing word.


There are many historical places in Murshidabad.
Kishore Kumar was an excellent actor.
Smoking causes harmful diseases.
Ankita is a pretty girl
Leela had a gold chain
He always seems angry

The underlined words are called adjectives they qualify the nouns or pronouns(place, Kishore Kumar, diseases, Ankita, chain, he).

4. Verb

Without a verb, no English sentence can be completed. A verb is a doing word that we used to express any action (physical and mental) like; come, go, see, speak, do, cry, run etc.


I was travelling on a train.
Jesus had love for us.
Sathi wrote a letter to his brother.
The bus conductor was as hot as the day.
The lady was very poor.

The underlined words in the sentences are called verbs

5. Adverb

An adverb is used to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.


Rakesh runs fast.
[Here, ‘fast’ is an adverb which modifies the verb ‘run’]

The girl was very intelligent.
[Here, ‘very’ is an adverb which modifies the adjective ‘intelligent’]

We reached too early
[ Here, ‘too’ is an adverb which modifies the adverb ‘early’]

6. Preposition

The words that we used before nouns or pronouns to suggest their relationship with some other words in a sentence are called prepositions. The words like – to, on, in, for, from, by, with, before, after, across, over, below, through, etc. are examples of prepositions.

7. Conjunction

We use conjunctions to connect or join words, phrases, clauses or sentences. A conjunction is a joining word or linker.


The lady wants bread and butter.
[ ‘and’ joints two words – ‘bread’, ‘butter’]

Shyan fell down on this spot or at this place
[ ‘or’ joints two phrases]

Winter is cold but the summer is hot.
[ ‘but’ joins two sentences]

Note: ‘But’ presents a difference. ‘And’ presents a similarity.


An interjection is a word that we use at the beginning of a sentence to express a sudden or strong feeling or emotions like; sorrow, pity, joy, disgust etc.


Hurrah! I have cracked the IIT
Fie! You stole the jewellery
Alas! My grandfather is no more
Hush! My sister is asleep.

In the sentences ‘Hurrah’ expresses a strong feeling of joy, ‘Fie’ expresses a strong feeling of shame, and ‘Alas’ expresses a strong feeling of sorrow. So, Hurrah’, ‘Fie’, ‘Alas’, are interjections.

Note: An exclamation mark (!) must be put after an Interjection.

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